Knee

Normal Anatomy of the Knee Joint

How does the Knee joint work?
Find out more in this web based movie.

Arthroscopy of the Knee Joint

Arthroscopy is a surgical procedure in which an arthroscope with combined camera is inserted into a joint. Arthroscopy term had been derived from two Greek words, arthro-, meaning joint, and -skopein, meaning to examine.

The benefits of arthroscopy include small incision, fast healing, rapid recovery, and with less scarring. Arthroscopic surgical procedures are often performed on an outpatient basis and the patient is able to return home on the same day.

Find out more about Knee Arthroscopy from the following links.

Total Knee Replacement (TKR)

A total knee replacement (TKR) or total knee arthroplasty is a surgical procedure that resurfaces an arthritic knee joint with an artificial metal or plastic replacement parts called ‘prostheses’.

Find out more about Total Knee Replacement with the following links.

Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Reconstruction

The anterior cruciate ligament is one of the major stabilizing ligaments in the knee. It acts as a strong rope like structure, located in center of the knee running from the femur to the tibia. Unfortunately when this ligament tears, it doesn’t heal and may often lead to the feeling of instability in the knee.

ACL reconstruction is a widely recommended surgical procedure and with recent advances in arthroscopic surgery, it can now be performed through minimally invasive techniques with low complication rates.

ACL Reconstruction Hamstring Tendon

ACL Reconstruction Patellar Tendon

Unicondylar Knee Replacement

Unicondylar Knee Replacement is a specific surgical procedure in which only a part of the knee joint is replaced through a smaller incision instead of the whole knee as in total knee replacement. The knee joint is composed of 3 compartments, the patella femoral, medial and lateral compartments located between the femur and tibia (i.e. the long bones of the leg). Usually only one of these compartments may wears out, frequently the medial one. If you have symptoms and X-ray findings, indicating this condition, then you may be considered suitable for this procedure.

Find out more about Unicondylar Knee Replacement with the following links.

Revision Knee Replacement

Revision Knee Replacement is a revised surgery that may include either a part or whole of your previous knee replacement procedure. This operation may vary from minor adjustments to massive operation, involving replacement of significant amount of bone and hence is difficult to describe in full.

Find out more about Revision Knee Replacement with the following links.

Click on the topics below to find out more from the Orthopaedic connection website of American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.